Clinical performance of audiology diagnostic tests
The value of the information content in a complete diagnostic evaluation lies in the ability to differentiate and diagnosis a hearing loss. The amount of diagnostic information contained in the assessment will increase the probability of an accurate diagnosis. The analysis of a comprehensive diagnostic based test battery designed to differentiate cochlear from retrocochlear site-of-lesion will guide clinical decision and care pathway to diagnose auditory disorders, otologic diseases, and vestibular dysfunction.
Some common diagnosis are:
Exposure to loud noise
Virus or disease
Autoimmune inner ear disease
Hearing loss that runs in the family
Malformation of the inner ear
Otosclerosis - a hereditary disorder in which a bony growth forms around a small bone in the middle ear, preventing it from vibrating when stimulated by sound.
Malformation of outer ear, ear canal, or middle ear structures
Fluid in the middle ear from colds
Ear infection (otitis media - an infection of the middle ear in which an accumulation of fluid may interfere with the movement of the eardrum and ossicles